Overhead Cranes 

Overhead cranes are important pieces of equipment in many industries; however, they can be dangerous if not used properly.

Health and safety risks of overhead cranes 

  • Falling objects: Overhead cranes can lift and move heavy objects, which can pose a risk of falling objects if the crane is not properly operated. 
  • Struck-by accidents: Overhead cranes can also pose a risk of struck-by accidents if workers are not cautious. A worker may be hit by a moving load or by the crane itself. 
  • Equipment failure: Overhead cranes are complex pieces of equipment, and there is always the risk of equipment failure. This can cause accidents, injuries, or even death. 
  • Electrical hazards: Overhead cranes which are powered by electricity can pose an electrical hazard if not properly maintained. This can lead to shock or electrocution. 
  • Confined spaces: Overhead cranes can be used in confined spaces, which can pose a risk of suffocation or other hazards. 


How to manage the risks of overhead cranes 

  • Training: Workers who operate overhead cranes must be properly trained in safe crane operation, including lifting and moving loads, avoiding hazards, and responding to emergencies. 
  • Inspection: Overhead cranes must be inspected periodically for signs of wear and tear. Any defects must be repaired or replaced immediately. 
  • Maintenance: Overhead cranes must be properly maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions. This includes regular lubrication, greasing, and cleaning. 
  • Safety procedures: Safe operating procedures must be developed and implemented for all overhead crane operations. These procedures should cover all aspects of crane operation, including lifting and moving loads, avoiding hazards, and responding to emergencies. 
  • PPE: Workers who operate overhead cranes must wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), such as hard hats, safety glasses, and steel-toed boots. 
  • Communication: Workers who operate overhead cranes must communicate effectively with other workers in the area. This is important for avoiding hazards and responding to emergencies. 


By following these safety measures, the risks of overhead cranes can be greatly reduced. 

The iProtectU health and safety software provides: 

  • An inspection and Audit App which allows for safety inspection of the workplace and associated report 
  • eLearning on construction safety 
  • Scheduling functionality for managers to send eLearning, risk assessments and documents out to all staff via the software with tracks completion and compliance 
  • Risk assessment templates covering construction projects 
  • Management system to document control the policy on use of work equipment 
  • Method Statement module for the creation of work activity working instructions 
  • Legal register that provides legislation guidance on use of work equipment 
  • Incident investigation module that tracks incidents involving construction equipment both with an app and via desktop 
  • Hazard observation app where staff can report and record any concerns regarding construction equipment to the organisation 
  • Asset management App ensuring assets are recorded in the software 





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